Travel Banking Fundamentals

Travel Banking Fundamentals – Keep Your Money Safe While Traveling

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Travel banking can be confusing for first time travelers, especially if they are heading abroad. Using your existing bank can actually cost you an arm-and-a-leg and leave you watching your funds drying up much quicker than expected. Or even worse, there are a number of travel scams and tricks that could be much more devastating, if you don’t take proactive measures to keep your money safe while traveling.

Here’s what I’ve learned about managing my money while traveling over the past few years and what I recommend to all before they set out.

Travel Banking Fundamentals - Keep Your Money Safe While Traveling

Best Debit Cards for International Travel

As you may know, your bank will often charge you for using another bank’s ATM that is outside of their network. Likewise, the ATM from the other bank you are using will most likely charge you for using a debit card from another bank.

This means you will be double charged in order to withdraw money. And each of those fees is usually around $3-5 or more.

What makes this worse, is that in almost all cases it is best to withdraw relatively small amounts of cash each time (a hundred dollars or so) to lessen the blow in case you lose your wallet, get pickpocketed, etc, rather than taking out hundreds of dollars or the max.

In effect, this means you may be paying around $6-10 or anywhere from six to ten percent per withdrawal of $100 (percentage goes down when you take out more). Losing that much of your travel fund on a long-term trip will add up to hundreds of dollars in fees.

So, how can you avoid this budget buster?

Travel Banking Fundamentals - Keep Your Money Safe While Traveling

If you’re from the US, this is an easy answer.

You need a Charles Schwab Debit Card.

They have no monthly fees, it has a modest APY (interest), includes free checks (but I don’t use checks), and no minimum balances, but… Best of all:

Charles Schwab offers reimbursements at the end of every month for withdrawals of other bank’s ATM fees, anywhere in the world, and they don’t charge withdrawal feels on their end.

A sample of the money I've save on ATM fees -- Travel Banking Fundamentals

A sample of the money I’ve save on ATM fees thanks to Charles Schwab.

This means that you can withdraw cash without worrying about those stupid fees adding up, and you can withdraw smaller amounts more regularly (a few times a week or even daily) in order to avoid carrying too much cash with you.

I’ve been using the Charles Schwab Checking and Debit Card for years now, and it’s a no-brainer. There are no fees whatsoever, even when it comes to using other banks around the world. It’s a beautiful thing.

You need to get things setup BEFORE leaving the country so be sure to leave a good lead time, because the paperwork and process takes a little bit.

If you’re not from the US, you might check out HSBC Checking, which has received positive comments from other international travelers.

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Managing Your Accounts

It is dangerous to put all your eggs in one basket.

It is best to keep your money spread out across two or three different bank accounts. Think of them as different buckets.

Here’s how I manage my money:

1) Primary Checking Account – This is where I keep my money for paying any bills including recurring non-travel expenses (although this IS where I pay for my travel credit card monthly bills, more on that in a minute).

I do not currently even have a Debit Card for this account, and you should NOT travel with a debit card for this account — either cut it up or leave it safe at home.

I keep my money in a local credit union, which I find to be much better than the big banks. 

2) Travel Checking Account – This is the Charles Schwab Checking Account mentioned above. Here is where I keep my cash for travel which I use exclusively for ATM withdrawals (I don’t use this card for any in-store purchases).

You should keep less than $1,000 or so in this account at any given time, so if your card is compromised or stolen, no one could clean you out totally. I generally keep under $500, but it just depends on your cash needs vs. credit card.

Travel Banking Fundamentals - Keep Your Money Safe While Traveling

I set up automatic transfers once a month between my primary checking account (1) and this travel checking account so it is always topped off. Be aware that funds can take between 3-5 business days to clear, so if you wait to transfer cash manually when your account is near empty, then you may be left with NO CASH for a few days. You can clear your funds quicker by initiating the transfer from your primary bank, rather than initiating a withdrawal via Charles Schwab at your primary bank (think push, rather than pull).

Just automate the transfers to go out once or twice a month and that way you will never forget.

3) Primary Savings Account – This is your third and final account where you can keep the majority of your funds isolated away from either of the above. You will set up regular, automated transfers FROM this account if you don’t have monthly income to cover the expenses in your debit card or primary checking account.

My bank of choice for this is the Capital One 360 account, which is free and offers great interest rates compared to my credit union’s savings or the Schwab checking account, so it’s the best place to keep the majority of your money before making any transfers.

What’s great is that a savings account with Capital One 360 includes a checking account with a debit card, which could be your salvation in emergencies if your Schwab card was lost or stolen. I don’t keep any money in this Capital One 360 checking account, and I’ve set the card to automatically deny a withdrawal when there are insufficient funds (overdraft settings). Bury this card at the bottom of your pack or somewhere hidden, just in case of emergencies, because they don’t reimburse other ATM fees like Schwab.

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Travel Credit Cards

Here we will be talking specifically about using credit cards while traveling or overseas — and not travel rewards credit cards (check out my Travel Hacking 101 guide — this is how I earn free flights around the world or even free nights at hotels).

In any case, this travel credit card is meant to be used overseas while traveling, so you want to ensure that your credit card has NO foreign transaction fees. If the travel hacking doesn’t appeal to you, then make sure your card has no annual fee as well. I used a free Capital One Credit Card for this purpose.

It doesn’t really matter what card you use, but it should meet the following two requirements:

  • It is a VISA card (most widely accepted) and
  • It has no foreign transaction fees

You must set up the card to pay off the balance in full each month in order to avoid any fees whatsoever.

I would recommend making the credit card payment with your primary checking account rather than the Schwab account, because separating your checking accounts ensures you always know how much you need to have to pay for incoming bills and how much cash you have available during your travels. This way you don’t accidentally deplete one account and then not have enough cash or enough money in your account to pay your bills (incurring overdraft fees or other late fees).

Travel Banking Fundamentals - Keep Your Money Safe While Traveling

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I use my travel credit card in order to charge any purchases (again, I never hand over my debit card to anyone, which could be skimmed), like for hotels, gas stations (since I’m road tripping through multiple countries), grocery stores, restaurants, etc. Credit cards generally offer favorable exchange rates, and in places where carrying lots of cash is a risk, I would recommend putting any and all possible charges on your credit car.

Even if there was a fraudulent charge (it hasn’t happened to me yet in oh so many countries), a credit card charge is much easier to refute than with a debit card (although Charles Schwab says they will reimburse fraudulent charges too).

In some countries, there aren’t a lot of opportunities to use a travel credit card because cash is still king in most of the world…

Protect Your Cash

Cash is still, more often than not, the main way I pay for things while traveling because it’s accepted everywhere. But you must take proper precautions to keep your cash safe while traveling.

Again, the best way is to withdraw small amounts, more frequently, as mentioned earlier.

Generally speaking, if I’m on the move, I use a money belt to keep my debit and credit cards safe and tucked away, alongside my passport and any cash that I don’t need throughout the day. It’s a peace of mind knowing that your most important items are tucked away and safe.

Travel Banking Fundamentals - Keep Your Money Safe While Traveling

Previously, rather than a money belt, I’ve also made secret pockets inside the lining of my pants — simply by buying an old button up shirt which also had button closures the pockets (Goodwill for 99 cents!) then cutting out the pockets and affixing them inside my pants.

I found that I didn’t use them that often though and just resorted to a decoy wallet which is essentially a wallet with an old driver’s license, an expired credit card, some old grocery store club cards and a little cash.

That way if I was robbed or pickpocketed, they’d get the decoy wallet while my debit card and real cash for the day was simply kept loosely in my front pocket (where it is harder to pickpocket without noticing).

Since then I’ve adopted the old-school money belt which I find to be more handy (you can more easily take out cash or cards, without halfway taking off your pants).

Here’s the money belt I currently use.

I also like to keep at least $100 USD or so in twenties on hand in my money belt as an emergency fund in case I am left without a card, need to exchange money unexpectedly at a border crossing, or for whatever other reason. When I was driving through Latin America, I kept a safe stash can for my emergency money and spare cards.

Travel Banking Fundamentals - Keep Your Money Safe While Traveling

Trust me, it’s way easier to stash away five individual bills, rather than a stack of 300,000 Colombian pesos (as an example of the equivalent of $100).

I also recommend that you keep one other credit card on hand (mine wasn’t a no foreign transaction fee card, but it could be) which is kept well hidden, just in case of even bigger emergencies, alongside that emergency debit card associated with my Capital One 360 account.

Exchanging Money

I avoid or minimize exchanging money wherever possible.

If you use your debit card at the ATM you will get the best possible exchange rate. If you must exchange money, try and do so with another traveler heading the opposite direction in order to get the best and fairest rate.

I’ll never forget the time I traded over the last of my Bolivian money with an Australian on a bicycle at the edge of one of the most remote border crossings (we had to carry extra gas cans just to cover the distance) in Bolivia.

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Normally I always try to spend the last of my local currency on any essentials (or even just candy and snacks) before I make the crossing.

You will get a lousy rate at any exchange kiosk or from those guys walking around serving as an informal border currency exchanger, that is a given.

If you are changing at one of these places, hopefully it is for a low amount of cash and ALWAYS be aware of the current rate (keep the XE app on your phone). As a rule, be sure to double check the math on your phone calculator with the rate they quote you (which is going to be lower than the official rate given by XE). Many border tricksters have been known to use a rigged calculator that skims a percent when they show you the result.

Keeping Track of your Finances 

With the earlier tips about trying to manage three different bank accounts, plus a travel credit card, you may think that is just too much to keep track of.

It would be without the added help of Mint.com. Mint is a site that aggregates all your personal finance information across all your accounts — no matter how many checkings, savings, credit cards, or even investment accounts you have.

That way you can always log in and get a great picture of your overall financial health, including tracking any transactions (while also being mindful of any strange or fraudulent transactions) as well as ensuring that your various “buckets” of money are topped off if you need to transfer funds.

I’ve been using Mint for many, many, years and is something I also credit with helping me manage my money in order to set out traveling in the first place. It’s free. Get it, there’s no reason not to.

Travel Banking Fundamentals - Keep Your Money Safe While Traveling

Tips for Fraud Prevention

Being watchful of your charges and transactions on a weekly basis is step one, but what else can you do?

One, never use a public computer for financial purposes unless it is an absolute emergency.

Two, be cautious of using public wifi networks as well — they are surprisingly easy to hack — whether on your cell phone or laptop.

I use a VPN on both my phone and desktop for any sensitive purposes like banking which keeps my connection protected and safe. I use ExpressVPN if you are looking for a great provider.

Finally, be sure to advise your bank about any upcoming travel plans — it will help them be aware of any fraudulent activity, and it’s super important in order to ensure that your card actually works upon arrival and isn’t blocked by them when you try to make your first transaction.

So there you have it! A comprehensive guide to travel banking that should keep your money safe, the fees to an absolute minimum (zero, I hope!), and keep you happily traveling for some time to come.

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Ryan

Author, Writer, and Head Honcho at Desk to Dirtbag
Ryan is an author, adventurer, perpetual wanderer, and self-proclaimed dirtbag (but that might not mean what you think). Originally from Seattle, he headed to Washington D.C. where he spent five years working for Congress before heeding the call of the wild. He set out truck camping to road trip across the American West. Since then he set out traveling to Colombia, drove across all of Central America, and also wrote a best selling book: Big Travel, Small Budget. He just finished driving his old truck across all of South America. Follow the adventures on social media or read more about me.

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