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There are eight countries within Central America, if we decide to include Mexico (which I am here, for a number of reasons, including the fact that the United Nations places Mexico within the Central America geoscheme). ALL of these countries are pretty amazing in their own right. But let’s face it, some places are simply more interesting, inviting, fun, beautiful, friendly, etc.
Yeah, it’s tough to rate countries from “best to worst” or “favorite to least favorite” but what the heck, why not give it a try?
This is my attempt to try to quantify the un-quantifiable and place these countries from least favorite to favorite — these are the places I would recommend friends to go and spend their precious vacation time.
This is based on my 6+ months driving through Central America, exploring the highlights and spending some time off the tourist track thanks to having my own wheels.
So, let’s get to the list of the best countries in Central America!
Ah, Honduras, sorry to give you last place, but somebody had to take the fall. Admittedly we only spent a single night in the country as we passed through, so this placement might not be fair, but it’s just that there wasn’t really anything that called us to explore.
The only things that we might have wanted to explore would be the Copan Ruins (but we’d already seen so many awesome ruins) or the famous islands along the Caribbean Coast (mainly for divers, which we are not), but that would have required us to drive all the way across the country and leave the truck on the mainland.
Add in the fact that Honduras is surprisingly expensive for what it is, and we simply preferred to move on to Nicaragua.
That’s not to say that there aren’t pleasant little towns and friendly locals, just that it was basically more of the same in neighboring countries which seemed to us to be both more interesting and more affordable (given our limited time and budget).
What I Liked: Very normal, despite its perhaps undeserved reputation for being dangerous, indeed I’ve talked or chatted with many who have traveled through and enjoyed it, even some that traveled through Honduras with kids in tow. Honestly, Honduras felt more “normal” or “safe and sane” than the next country on my list.
What I Didn’t Like: Overpriced and the most heavily potholed roads of the trip. Kids and adults would pretend to work to fill in those holes (they would fill in like four or five) and then stand there with shovels asking for money, this was like every mile along the road. If they were actually working on a daily basis, there would be no potholes left.
7. El Salvador
El Salvador is a tiny country, so it’s understandable that it would be tough to compete with the bigger countries in terms of things to see and do.
We spent our time exploring the beautiful coast, from the surf capital of El Tunco in the north (err, west) to El Cuco in the east.
El Salvador does have a sort of menacing atmosphere though with a very large presence of armed security guards everywhere (even riding on the back of Coca-Cola delivery trucks) and massive fortifications around individual houses on the coast and even around some communities (like El Tunco).
It’s got a curious vibe, but the coast is undoubtedly beautiful, and the people are kind and friendly.
What I Liked: Loved the delicious pupusas and the cool surf towns, the first time I really imagined myself giving surfing a try.
What I Didn’t Like: The heavy armed presence and general vibe of insecurity, something that I haven’t seen in any other Latin American country to date (in Central or South America).
Belize is a curious little country nestled below the famous Yucatan Peninsula. I really had no idea what to expect from this country but found it to be a diverse and interesting country.
In the first place, it is an English speaking country in the middle of Latin America, with a currency pegged to the dollar. After three months in Mexico, it was strange to step into Belize.
We spent most of our time along the coast in places like Placencia or the famous islands like Caye Caulker, but we spent a good bit of time inland in Belmopan, Orange Walk, and San Ignacio.
The coast of Belize is stunning and heading out to the islands is idyllic.
There is so much diversity in scenery in this small country, from humid, tropical jungles, to wild coastlines.
It’s a curious mix of cultures too, with a large community of former African slaves, Latinos, a ton of Chinese and Taiwanese immigrants/descendants, ethnic Mayans, and a large population of German Mennonites who roll through the countryside on horse drawn carriages.
What I Liked: The laid back coast, places like Placencia and Caye Caulker the most, some surprisingly good food, like the seafood (of course) and more surprisingly the delicious meatballs.
What I Didn’t Like: Inland the people are generally not very warm and friendly, unlike people along the coast or on the islands. Belize City is also a dump.
Panama, oh so famous for its canal, but what else do they have to offer? Well, they’ve got a beautiful coastline (a theme through much of Central America). But they’ve got some awesome nature areas (like Soberania) where you can see tons of jungle wildlife.
They also have Panama City, which is probably the most modern and well-developed city in the region.
The Canal itself is an impressive engineering marvel, but there are also pleasant little towns like Boquete.
It’s hard to place my finger on what I liked about Panama, perhaps it was mostly due to Panama City and the contrast after so long traveling through similar terrain in Central America.
What I Liked: New Year’s Eve in Panama City was crazy — I have never seen so many fireworks in my life. It’s truly a spectacle.
What I Didn’t Like: Driving in Panama City was BAD. They are some of the worst drivers I’ve seen in Latin America (Peru is the only place worse), it was like a near accident on a daily basis.
4. Costa Rica
Costa Rica has long been the destination of choice for Americans traveling to Central America for vacation or to live. It’s a country rich in biological diversity, wildlife, and natural landscapes.
It was fun to finally feel free to venture pretty much wherever we wanted, well off the beaten path, or wild camping where we wanted, without feeling paranoid about safety and security (something of more concern in neighboring countries).
This is the place to come for adventure sports activities like white water rafting, zip-lining, horseback riding, and to see some amazing wildlife, which is pretty much guaranteed.
We got to see one of the most incredible sights on the trip when an “arribada” of sea turtles stormed the beach during broad daylight to lay their eggs. There were literally hundreds on shore.
There is definitely a lot of tourist infrastructure in place and a huge amount of tourists that come through, though that can be kind of off-putting.
The Nicoya Peninsula and Corcovado Peninsula are stunning. The area around Arenal was also a highlight. Even the bustling big city of San Jose was agreeable enough.
What I Liked: The relative safety and security of the country is much better than elsewhere in Central America. The fact that you can see so much incredible wildlife so easily.
What I Didn’t Like: It is crazy expensive. For everything. Much more expensive than anywhere else and yet development-wise it is basically on par with the others, so you are often paying exorbitant prices for the exact same level of services or accommodations that you’d find in a neighboring country for half the price.
Alright, we are getting into the Top 3 now! Nicaragua was a highlight of our travels through Central America, even though we only explored a relatively small chunk of the country, it was full of memorable places.
I loved the gritty, colonial city of Leon. I loved exploring the island of Ometepe situated in the middle of a massive lake. Granada was a great colonial town and was filled with things to do.
Even the sleepy little town of San Juan del Sur was fun.
I felt like there was a huge concentration of great places to go within a relatively small area, and all of it was surprisingly affordable.
What I Liked: The beautiful landscape, friendly people, cheap prices, and the sheer amount of things to see and do.
What I Didn’t Like: The food is fairly underwhelming and repetitive (if you’re eating where the locals eat, rather than more upscale touristy places), but that is somewhat of a common issue throughout the region.
Guatemala, what can I say, you are incredible!
The ruins of Tikal are still probably the coolest I’ve ever visited (yes, even cooler than Machu Picchu).
The terrain is varied and interesting, whether you’re in the thick jungle near Tikal, the high mountain roads and town (where you can actually feel cool weather!), to massive volcanoes, and wild (and relatively quiet) coastlines.
I will always remember watching lava erupting and flowing down the side of a volcano, or releasing baby sea turtles on the beach, or loading my truck onto a rickety old raft to be able to continue down the road.
Guatemala is also incredibly affordable and simply full of great places, whether you are in Flores or Antigua. It’s no wonder that Guatemala is one of the most popular places to learn Spanish as well.
What I Liked: Tikal was perhaps the coolest single place, but there were so many highlights here, whether it was Day of the Dead in San Juan Sacatepequez or hanging out in the little touristy towns around Lago Atitlan. You could easily spend a few months (or much more) in Guatemala.
What I Didn’t Like: There isn’t much that stands out. There are some extremely terrible roads to drive, especially if you get caught at night. I found the people to be friendly and honest (unfortunately, other travelers have contrary opinions/experiences).
The Big #1! If we’re going to include Mexico for consideration (I know, sometimes Mexicans get outraged to be included with Central America, but even the United Nations does), then #1 obviously had to go to Mexico. I mean, there is an impossible amount of places to explore in Mexico. We spent three months driving through the country and were only able to scratch the surface.
Everybody already knows about the stunning beaches of Mexico, whether in Baja or the Yucatan. But there is so much more to Mexico.
I loved my time in little towns like Tequila, or San Ignacio, or Zipolite. I was blown away by big cities like Mexico City (seriously one of the coolest cities in the world), or Oaxaca, or Merida (a place we even imagined living).
There are the famous beautiful beaches, the big towering mountains, windy high passes, incredible desert scenery, and stunning canyons.
Mexico is a land of superlatives and deserves to be visited more frequently as well as to be explored beyond the popular beach resort towns.
The food is incredible (and so varied), the people are friendly, the history is rich, and the culture is incredible.
You can find pretty much whatever it is you might be looking for in Mexico, it is by no means a one-dimensional country.
What I Liked: Exploring the country beyond the stereotypes that we hear about drug traffickers and danger.
What I Didn’t Like: Corrupt police (definitely not a myth) and the frequency of blockades and social protests (in some parts, particularly Chiapas). Mexico held the majority of the highlights of this massive road trip, but also the majority of the negative experiences as well (although there were few in Mexico, they were basically non-existent in the other countries).
What Do You Think?
So there you have it! The “Best and Worst” countries of Central America… Is my list totally off-base? Should Honduras be #1 and Mexico #8?
Everyone’s list is bound to be a little different, but that’s my honest take on Central America from Best to Worst.
I’d love to hear your thoughts if you’ve traveled to any or all of these countries.
If you enjoyed this article, be sure to check out my article on the safety and security of driving through Mexico and Central America, as well as my responses to the most frequently asked questions about this road trip. Also, don’t forget to check out my article about the biggest myths about Central America travel.
No matter which of the countries you are traveling to on this list, I’d highly recommend picking up travel insurance to protect yourself against injury, illness, and theft. I use and recommend World Nomads for travel insurance.
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