Hiking Colombia's Cocora Valley - What to Know Before You Go

Hiking Colombia’s Cocora Valley – What to Know Before You Go

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Hiking Cocora Valley is undoubtedly one of the best things to do in Salento, Colombia. Here you will find towering 60-meter wax palms nestled into rolling green hillsides. It’s a unique and one-of-a-kind places, that should be on your travel bucket list.

Information isn’t always great about how to go about visiting the Cocora Valley, at least I wasn’t well informed prior to going, so we made a number of mistakes while exploring and ended up going along two separate paths on two separate days.

Hiking in the Cocora Valley near Salento, Colombia

I hope by writing this article, I can clear up any confusion for future visitors about how to maximize their visit.

Getting to the Cocora Valley

From the main square of Salento, you will find colorful old school Jeeps waiting for passengers. The Jeeps leave once per hour for 3.600 pesos. You can also organize a private trip — team up with other tourists who don’t want to wait — for a total of 31.000 pesos.

The Jeeps take about 25 minutes to arrive to Cocora. From the parking lot you will see a number of little shops, people offering horse rides, and of course the nearby palm trees.

Just up the road you will come to a fork — a gated road that drops off to your right, or the open road that continues straight ahead (to the left).

Start of the trail to hiking the Cocora Valley

You can hike in either direction, they will eventually loop back together, or you can do an out-and-back to either the right or left.

I’ll break down each of the three options and why you might take them below.

Cocora Valley Maps

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Cocora Valley Hiking Map

The Full Loop

The full loop with a visit to Acaime (the hummingbird house) is about 7.7 miles and will take 5-6 hours in total depending on conditions, pace, and how often you stop to take in the scenery.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

I would recommend you do the full loop by heading to the right rather than the left (counter-clockwise, rather than clockwise).

This will allow you to reach the highlight of the trek at the end of your day, rather than the beginning, which is seeing the towering wax palms.

Hiking in Cocora Valley near Salento, Colombia

You will also avoid paying the 3.000 fee they charge if you hike to the left.

Downsides are that you will have to hike up a steep 800 meter climb (although that’s better than going down it).

If you are doing the full loop, be sure to allow yourself ample time, especially if you make a stop at the hummingbird house.

The last Jeep to return to town leaves promptly at 6:30 pm. So if you arrive around noon, I would recommend skipping the hummingbird house and hustling to do the full loop.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

Hiking to the Left

If you are short on time or just want to see the wax palms without visiting either the hummingbird house or exploring the rest of the loop, just head to the left.

Hiking in Cocora Valley near Salento, Colombia

Passing a few more tiendas, you will hike along a road for a short time before arriving at El Bosque de las Palmas, which looks like a detour but is actually where you want to turn off.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

If you continue hiking ahead along the road you will come to a river crossing and some washed out bridges. We poked around here confusedly thinking we were on the right path and lost time.

Hiking in Cocora Valley near Salento, Colombia

You want to turn into Bosque de las Palmas which charges 3.000 per person to enter.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

Here you will be on the main loop that leads to the look out, to the hummingbird house, and the full loop.

A cow in Cocora Valley near Salento, Colombia

But if you are going in this way, you mostly just want to hike in for an hour or two, take photos and then come back the same way you left.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

Here you quickly enter the heart of the wax palm territory. Hike up to the top of the hillside for photos — this is the highlight. There are other palms ahead, but not like here.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

Hiking to the Right

The right option will take you downhill past a trout farm. You can see a number of wax palms in the distance and up along the hillsides, but you aren’t walking among them.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

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The trail will eventually follow the river and head into thick forest where you will no longer have any views.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

The atmosphere is cool, and the highlight is the numerous foot bridges hanging over the river.

A hanging bridge in Cocora Valley

This route is the quickest way to the hummingbird house, but if you are short on time, skip the out and back to Acaime and complete the full loop.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

We got a late start on the first day and muddy conditions slowed us down so we just hiked out and back from the hummingbird house, but wished we’d done the full loop (something we didn’t plan on as we set out that morning).

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

From the hummingbird house, the full loop is about 30 minutes longer for the return, and you’ll have a big climb up a steep hill.

Acaime – The Hummingbird House

The Hummingbird House is located deep back, approximately two hours along the hike.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

It is a detour of about two kilometers, and is mostly uphill or along a stream.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

The entrance to this private reserve is 5.000 pesos per person, and includes a free drink like coffee or chocolate with cheese.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

If you have the time and the weather is nice, definitely go!

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

We were hiking up on a rainy and muddy day and it was kind of miserable, and we were short on time so we could only sit briefly before turning around to hike out.


If it has been raining significantly the morning of, or day before, I might suggest delaying your hike, if possible.

We were eager to visit and after the rainy morning let up we went down for the afternoon and hiked to the right, all the way to Acaime.

Trail conditions were terribly muddy, wet, and slippery. It slowed us down significantly and diminished our enjoyment of the trail.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

If you can afford to wait, do it.

If weather conditions are less than ideal, I would just recommend hiking toward the left, straight into the Cocora Valley since the trail didn’t appear quite as bad on a still rainy day during our second visit.

There are periodic signs throughout, but we were at times confused and ran into plenty of others who were mildly confused about simple things like how to complete the loop or whether they were on the trail to Acaime.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

It would be tough to get lost though, so long as you don’t veer off onto the trails that lead to La Estrella or Los Nevados (which can be accessed along the trail to Acaime).

What to Bring

A picnic lunch is definitely recommended, no matter which route you hike. If you do the long loop, you’ll need to eat. If you’re doing the short hike to the palms and out, it’s still pretty awesome to sit along the trunk of a fallen palm and have lunch.

Weather can be fickle at times, either blazing hot with an intense tropical sun or clouds can emerge unexpectedly from the surrounding mountains and soak you.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

Pick up a cheap plastic poncho in town, at least, if you don’t have other gear. Personally I don’t mind getting wet while hiking, but it was a drag to sit around wet and cold for an hour as we waited for the last Jeep at 6:30.

Bring adequate water. I would recommend at least 1-2 liters of water per person depending on which route you plan to take.

Visit Cocora Valley

Cocora Valley is an incredible place and a full day of exploring — it is absolutely one of my favorite highlights of traveling throughout Colombia and a place that should be on your list.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

I hope my trail descriptions help you maximize your time in the Cocora Valley.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia


Colombia Travel – Plan your trip around Colombia with my other articles.
Itinerary Planning & Advice – Get off the beaten path with personalized trip planning by a local Colombian expert.
Booking.com – Book affordable hotels or hostels in Colombia.
Skyscanner – Book cheap flights to Colombia.
Recommended Guidebook: Lonely Planet Colombia
Budget Travel Tips – My tips and tricks for traveling better on a budget in Colombia and beyond.

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What you need to know before hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

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Hiking Colombia's Cocora Valley - What to Know Before You Go


Author, Writer, and Head Honcho at Desk to Dirtbag
Ryan is an author, adventurer, perpetual wanderer, and self-proclaimed dirtbag (but that might not mean what you think). Originally from Seattle, he headed to Washington D.C. where he spent five years working for Congress before heeding the call of the wild. He set out living in his pickup truck to road trip across the American West. Since then he backpacked through Colombia, drove across all of Central America, and also wrote a best selling book: Big Travel, Small Budget. He just finished driving his old truck across all of South America -- support the adventures by visiting the D2D Shop. Follow the adventures on social media or read more about me.

Comments 3

  1. hello im confused… i reado n other guides that it takes 30 minutes and you choose the path on the left …. but now your guide says go on the right the blue gate… then do a left or right? you dont make any sense very confusing…

    its very simple. i dont want to hike im out of shape.i just want pics… so i would go by what other guides say and hike to the left… and not the blue gate…

    why does your guide say left or right after going through the blue gate..

    1. Post

      To go straight to the heart of the wax palms, you stay straight on the road (don’t go through the blue gate) and then a little further ahead you will take a right and pay to enter. That’s the shortest way. Hiking through the blue gate is the long loop.

  2. The Hummingbird in your photos: Long-tailed sylph, Buff-tailed Coronet and Collared Inca.

    Some things about Acaime: is not just a “Hummingbird farm”. Is one of the oldest private natural reserves in Colombia with a long history in conservation and ecological restoration started by Fundacion Herencia Verde(now deceased) also it was the playground for some of the most important Colombian actual naturalists. Habitat of unique species like unknown orchid Telipogon acaimenses discovered in the 80’s, The Black and Chestnut Eagle the biggest bird of pray in the whole Andean mountain range , etc, etc, etc.

    The Wax Palm(Ceroxylon quindiuense) is the Colombia National Tree, It is the tallest recorded palm in the world( 200 ft), has been classified as Endangered. The earliest record of Ceroxylon is made by the priest Jose Celestino Mutis during the Real Expedición Botánica de Nuevo Reino de Granada, But it was Aimé Bonpland with Alexander Von Humboldt who described the species in 1804 with specimens collected in Salento.

    I can continue for hours but I think you get the point. Must of the people miss the real Salento and they just follow the tourist path….

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