Hiking the Cocora Valley – What to Know Before You Go

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The Cocora Valley hike is undoubtedly one of the best things to do in Salento, Colombia. Here you will find towering +60-meter wax palms nestled into rolling green hillsides. It’s a unique and one-of-a-kind place, that should be on your travel bucket list.

Information isn’t always great about how to go about visiting the Cocora Valley once you actually get there, at least I wasn’t well informed prior to going, so we made a number of mistakes while exploring and ended up going along two separate paths on two separate days.

Hiking in the Cocora Valley near Salento, Colombia

I hope by writing this article, I can clear up any confusion for future visitors about how to maximize their visit while doing the Cocora Valley hike (in Spanish it is known as the Valle de Cocora).

How to Get to Cocora Valley

To go from Salento to Cocora Valley, you’ll want to head straight to the main square of Salento where you will find colorful old school Jeeps waiting for passengers. The Jeeps leave once per hour for 3.600 pesos. You can also organize a private trip — team up with other tourists who don’t want to wait — for a total of 31.000 pesos.

The Jeeps take about 25 minutes to arrive to Valle de Cocora. From the parking lot you will see a number of little shops, people offering horse rides, and of course the nearby palm trees.

Just up the road, you will come to a fork — a gated road that drops in altitude off to your right, or the open road that continues straight ahead (to the left).

Start of the trail to hiking the Cocora Valley - Cocora Valley Hike

You can hike in either direction, they will eventually loop back together, or you can do an out-and-back to either the right or left.

I’ll break down each of the three options and why you might take them below.

Valle de Cocora Hike Map

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Cocora Valley Hike Map

The Full Cocora Valley Hike Loop

The full loop with a visit to Acaime (the hummingbird house) is about 7.7 miles and will take 5-6 hours in total depending on conditions, pace, and how often you stop to take in the lush and beautiful scenery.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia - Cocora Valley Hike

The ideal option for a loop would be to head to the right rather than the left (counter-clockwise, rather than clockwise).

This will allow you to reach the highlight of the trek at the end of your day, rather than the beginning, which is seeing the towering wax palms.

Important: You should also consider the time of day — if you are starting early in the morning, head left toward the wax palms which is more open and unprotected from the blazing midday sun, and if you are starting late morning or closer to midday, it is best to head to the right where you will be protected by the shade of the trees during the midday sun and come into the open area later.

Hiking in Cocora Valley near Salento, Colombia - Cocora Valley Hike

You will also avoid paying the 3.000 peso fee they charge if you hike to the left.

The biggest downside of heading counterclockwise is that you will have to hike up a steep 800-meter climb (although that’s better for the knees than going down it).

If you are doing the full loop, be sure to allow yourself ample time, especially if you want to make a stop at the hummingbird house (try the chocolate con queso, a Colombian delicacy).

The last Jeep to return to town leaves promptly at 6:30 pm. So if you arrive around to start the hike around noon, I would recommend skipping the hummingbird house and hustling to do the full loop.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

Hiking Cocora Valley to the Left

If you are short on time or just want to see the wax palms without visiting either the hummingbird house or exploring the rest of the loop, just head to the left.

Hiking in Cocora Valley near Salento, Colombia

Passing a few more tiendas, you will hike along a road for a short time before arriving at El Bosque de las Palmas, which looks like a detour but is actually where you want to turn off.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

If you continue hiking ahead along the road you will come to a river crossing and some washed-out bridges. We poked around here confusedly thinking we were on the right path and lost time.

Hiking in Cocora Valley near Salento, Colombia

You want to turn into Bosque de las Palmas which charges 3.000 per person to enter.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

Here you will be on the main loop that leads to the lookout, to the hummingbird house, and the full Cocora Valley hike loop.

A cow in Cocora Valley near Salento, Colombia

But if you are going in this way, you mostly just want to hike in for an hour or two, take photos, and then come back the same way you left.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

Here you quickly enter the heart of the wax palm territory. Hike up to the top of the hillside for photos — this is the highlight. There are other palms ahead, but not like here.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

Hiking to the Right

The right option will take you downhill past a trout farm. You can see a number of wax palms in the distance and up along the hillsides, but you aren’t walking among them.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

The trail will eventually follow the river and head into a thick forest where you will no longer have any views.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

The atmosphere is cool, and the highlight is the numerous footbridges hanging over the river.

A hanging bridge in Cocora Valley

This route is the quickest way to the hummingbird house, but if you are short on time, skip the out and back to Acaime and complete the full loop.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

We got a late start on the first day and muddy conditions slowed us down so we just hiked out and back from the hummingbird house, but wished we’d done the full loop (something we didn’t plan on as we set out that morning).

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

From the hummingbird house, the full loop is about 30 minutes longer than if you hike out the way you came, and you’ll have a big climb up a steep hill.

Acaime – The Hummingbird House

The Hummingbird House is located deep back, approximately two hours along the hike.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

It is a detour of about two kilometers and is mostly uphill or along a stream.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

The entrance to this private reserve is 5.000 pesos per person and includes a free drink like coffee or chocolate with cheese.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

If you have the time and the weather is nice, definitely go!

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

We were hiking up on a rainy and muddy day and it was kind of miserable, and we were short on time so we could only sit briefly before turning right around to hike out.

Weather and Conditions

If it has been raining significantly the morning of, or the day before, I might suggest delaying your Cocora Valley hike, if possible.

We were eager to visit and after the rainy morning let up we went down for the afternoon and hiked to the right, all the way to Acaime.

Trail conditions were terribly muddy, wet, and slippery. It slowed us down significantly and diminished our enjoyment of the trail.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

If you can afford to wait, do it.

If weather conditions are less than ideal, I would just recommend hiking toward the left, straight into the Cocora Valley since the trail didn’t appear quite as bad as to the right on a still rainy day during our second visit.

There are periodic signs throughout the loop, but we were at times confused and ran into plenty of others who were mildly confused about simple things like how to complete the loop or whether they were on the trail to Acaime.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

It would be tough to get lost though, so long as you don’t veer off onto the trails that lead to La Estrella or Los Nevados (which can be accessed along the trail to Acaime).

What to Bring on the Cocora Valley Hike

A picnic lunch is definitely recommended, no matter which route you hike. If you do the long loop, you’ll need to eat. If you’re doing the short hike to the palms and out, it’s still pretty awesome to sit along the trunk of a fallen palm and have lunch.

Valle de Cocora weather can be fickle at times, either blazing hot with an intense tropical sun or clouds which can emerge unexpectedly from the surrounding mountains and soak you.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

Pick up a cheap plastic poncho in town, at least, if you don’t have other gear. Personally I don’t mind getting wet while hiking, but it was a drag to sit around wet and cold for an hour as we waited for the last Jeep at 6:30.

Bring adequate water. I would recommend at least 1-2 liters of water per person depending on which route you plan to take.

If it has been rainy, trekking poles would definitely be handy to keep your footing along the muddy terrain.

You’ll also want to bring along the normal day hike essentials that you would bring on most trips. 

Do the Cocora Valley Hike

Cocora Valley is an incredible place, among the most incredible places to visit in Colombia, and well worth a full day of exploring — it is absolutely one of my favorite highlights of traveling throughout Colombia and a place that should be on your list.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

I hope my trail descriptions of the Cocora Valley hike will help you maximize your time visiting and enjoyment of this special place.

Hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

Colombia Travel Tips

Colombia Travel Tips

Important tips and resources for planning an amazing trip to Colombia, based on my years of traveling and living in Colombia.


  1. Book a cheap flight to Colombia with Momondo, or better yet, start travel hacking so you can fly for free. Traveling between major cities is much better by flying, trust me.
  2. Plan a rough itinerary and how long you will spend at each destination. Use an itinerary planning service for custom recommendations and pick up Lonely Planet Colombia.
  3. Work a little every day to teach yourself Spanish, you'll want to know as much as possible before you arrive.
  4. Book cheap accommodation in advance, at least for the first destinations -- For hostels use: Booking, for cheap hotels use: Hotels.com, for apartments use: Airbnb.
  5. Reserve your on the ground tours and activities through Get Your Guide.
  6. Purchase travel insurance for Colombia with SafetyWing to protect yourself from illness, injury, and theft while in Colombia. VERY important. And be sure to read my article: "Is Colombia Safe?" for my honest opinion and safety tips.
  7. Sign up for my free emails about planning a better trip to Colombia, and be sure to check out my comprehensive guide about traveling to Colombia.
  8. Learn more money-saving tricks with my top budget travel tips.
  9. Put together your Colombia packing list.
  10. Enjoy this incredible country!


I hope this helped you plan your travels in Colombia! I know it can be a struggle to find accurate and on the ground information when traveling to a new place like Colombia, which is why I started writing so extensively about it!

If you have any questions about Colombia, budget travel, or anything else shoot me an email at ryan@desktodirtbag.com.

(I love getting questions! That is how I get ideas for my blog posts and what to write about!)

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What you need to know before hiking in Valle de Cocora near Salento, Colombia

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Head Writer and Adventurer at Desk to Dirtbag
Ryan is an author, adventurer, perpetual wanderer, and self-proclaimed dirtbag (but that might not mean what you think). Originally from Seattle, he headed to Washington D.C. where he spent five years working for Congress before heeding the call of the wild. He set out truck camping to road trip across the American West, and then across all of Central America and South America. When he isn't on the move, you can find him living as an expat in Colombia. He is also the author of the best selling book: Big Travel, Small Budget that will help you travel more for less. Follow the adventures on social media or read more.

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Comments 4

  1. hello im confused… i reado n other guides that it takes 30 minutes and you choose the path on the left …. but now your guide says go on the right the blue gate… then do a left or right? you dont make any sense very confusing…

    its very simple. i dont want to hike im out of shape.i just want pics… so i would go by what other guides say and hike to the left… and not the blue gate…

    why does your guide say left or right after going through the blue gate..

    1. Post

      To go straight to the heart of the wax palms, you stay straight on the road (don’t go through the blue gate) and then a little further ahead you will take a right and pay to enter. That’s the shortest way. Hiking through the blue gate is the long loop.

  2. The Hummingbird in your photos: Long-tailed sylph, Buff-tailed Coronet and Collared Inca.

    Some things about Acaime: is not just a “Hummingbird farm”. Is one of the oldest private natural reserves in Colombia with a long history in conservation and ecological restoration started by Fundacion Herencia Verde(now deceased) also it was the playground for some of the most important Colombian actual naturalists. Habitat of unique species like unknown orchid Telipogon acaimenses discovered in the 80’s, The Black and Chestnut Eagle the biggest bird of pray in the whole Andean mountain range , etc, etc, etc.

    The Wax Palm(Ceroxylon quindiuense) is the Colombia National Tree, It is the tallest recorded palm in the world( 200 ft), has been classified as Endangered. The earliest record of Ceroxylon is made by the priest Jose Celestino Mutis during the Real Expedición Botánica de Nuevo Reino de Granada, But it was Aimé Bonpland with Alexander Von Humboldt who described the species in 1804 with specimens collected in Salento.

    I can continue for hours but I think you get the point. Must of the people miss the real Salento and they just follow the tourist path….

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