Discussing the pros and cons of four common approaches to truck camping...

Comparing Roof Top Tents, Canopies, Slide-In Campers, and Truck Bed Tents

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Printable Truck Camping Guide Available at End of ArticleOne of the most frequently asked truck camping questions I get is weighing the pros and cons of the many different approaches to making your very own adventure mobile. “How do truck tent campers compare to roof top tents?”

“What about a traditional slide-in camper?”

“Should I just go with a canopy camping setup?”

There are pros and cons to each approach, and what is best for one traveler, might not work for another.

I thought I’d run down through the good and the bad of the four most common approaches to truck camping in order to help you narrow down what might work best for you, and perhaps a few drawbacks that you should keep in mind for each approach.

Comparing Roof Top Tents, Canopies, Slide-In Campers, and Truck Bed Tents truck-camping, travel

Slide-In Camper

Slide-in campers are what most people think about if they hear “truck camping”. They are the rigs that slip into the truck bed, and usually wrap up over the cab of the truck.

These are most akin to a mini RV, but with more maneuverability thanks to the size, and the versatility of the truck.

There are campers for small half ton trucks, but most are made for larger one ton pickups. Inside you can expect to find a bed, kitchen, usually a dining area, and sometimes even a bathroom and shower.

Slide in campers are built for when you want the comforts of home with the portability of a truck.

A traditional camper - Truck camping setups: Truck Tent Campers, Roof top tents, campers, and canopies

Cost: $3,000 and far, far beyond.

Weight: At least 1,500 pounds.


  • The most spacious, comfortable, and amenity rich of all the truck camping options.
  • This is the setup that gets you closest to the comfort and accommodations of an RV.
  • Easily arrive at camp with no setup, and easily drive away from camp without having to pack much of anything up.


  • Increased height (often 3’ over the cab) can create problems with overpasses, drive throughs, parking garages, etc, and cause a large change in the center of gravity for the truck.
  • Greatly increased weight which means additional wear and tear and fuel consumption.
  • No stealth factor, everyone knows you are camping in there.
  • Not easy to use as a traditional truck, you’ll need to jack up the camper every time you want to remove the camper and use it like a regular truck.

Another great compromise is the pop up campers, featuring a dramatically reduced weight (around 800+ pounds) and reduced height (since the top literally pops up) so there are less concerns about parkings garages, etc.

Read More About Choosing a Camper

Truck Canopy Camping

Truck canopy camping, what I refer to as truck camping throughout my site, is when you outfit the interior of a truck canopy in order to sleep and live.

This type of camping could be as simple as tossing a mattresses in the back and heading out for the night, but most will build some sort of bed and storage system in the back out of lumber.

The two most common approaches are a “back shelf” mode whereby you place the mattress under a shelf for gear storage, affording you the most headroom, or the “elevated sleeping platform” where your gear is stored below your bed.

Both have their pros and cons, which is why I decided to combine the two into a “transformer mode”.

Truck canopy camping, what I use - Truck camping setups: Truck Tent Campers, Roof top tents, campers, and canopies

Cost: $1,500 for a new fiberglass canopy, but there is a large supply of used canopies available. Another $100 or more to build a truck camping setup inside.

Weight: Approximately 200 pounds for a fiber glass canopy.


  • Stealthy, you can camp inside in areas where it isn’t necessarily permitted without calling attention to yourself — handy in residential, suburban, or urban areas.
  • Little impact on the truck’s center of gravity.
  • Little impact on MPG (my truck, even with all the gear, gets about 1mpg less than before).
  • No need to take down your camping setup in order to drive away from where you are camping.
  • Hard shell roof and walls to protect you against wind and rain — no leaky fabrics or flapping nylon.


  • If you travel with a lot of gear, you may need to reorganize before you can sleep (if you use the backshelf mode rather than a sleeping platform).
  • A lot less living space, since you and all of your gear need to coexist within the canopy, especially if you get a standard height canopy rather than an elevated canopy.
  • It can be difficult to fully bug proof them if you are camping in mosquito prone areas.
  • Builds can be difficult to remove if you build a heavy and complex system of drawers and storage. Though my transformer mode can be either taken out or removed in just 15 minutes so you can use your truck and canopy like normal.
Read More About Canopy Camping

Check out my truck camping videos for a better idea of what exactly my setup is like in action.

Roof Top Tents

Roof top tents (RTTs) were particularly popular among the overlanding communities in Africa and the Australian outback, where the elevated sleeping platform provided a safe space away from predators and other poisonous critters.

Thanks to social media, they have been growing in popularity in other regions, with many new companies springing up to offer all sorts of different roof top tents and styles.

Roof top tents are either soft sided fold open tents or of the hard shell variety. Either way they sit on top of your roof (obviously) and have a staircase that folds down for access.

Truck camping with a roof top tent - Truck camping setups: Truck Tent Campers, Roof top tents, campers, and canopies

Cost: $1,000 and up.

Weight: 150 pounds.

* But you will also need a canopy and a roof rack in order to install it, which means additional weight and expense.


  • Quick setup with no gear to move around — your sleeping quarters are isolated from gear storage.
  • Many roof top tents have the bedding in place and ready to go after opening the tent, no need to blow up mattresses or dig out the sleeping bags and pillows.
  • There’s a certain “cool” factor and photogenic aspect that has helped them take off in popularity.
  • Fully separated living quarters and gear storage means a lot of space from a relatively small package.
  • Great ventilation and bug proofing thanks to traditional mesh and nylon construction.


  • No stealth factor — you can’t exactly fold out those roof top tents while camping in a Wal-Mart parking lot.
  • Durability issues with long term usage as they become susceptible to water leaks.
  • You have the noise factor from wind and nylon as you would with a traditional tent (unless it’s a hard shell).
  • You’ll need to climb up and down a ladder to access your bed, use the bathroom, etc.
  • You will throw off the center of gravity of the truck and also see reduced MPG due to extra height and drag.
  • The extra height can be problematic for parking garages, drive throughs, etc.
  • Need to take down the tent in order to drive away from the campsite.
  • Not easy to place or remove the tent from the truck, so not a good option if it will only be used periodically, else you will be driving to work on Monday with one of those roof top tents and the reduced MPG.
Shop Roof-Top Tents

Truck Tent Campers

Truck tent campers are growing in popularity, and are essentially floor-less tents that you can pitch right over the truck bed. This means you don’t have to remove any gear or equipment from the back when you set up your tent.

This would be the least intrusive way to truck camp, and would get you up off the ground, if you’re adverse to sleeping down there.

Truck tent campers - Truck camping setups: Truck Tent Campers, Roof top tents, campers, and canopies

Cost: Around $200 – $300

Weight: Negligible, around 10 pounds.


  • Easiest to remove since it isn’t a permanent fixture, you can use this on the weekends, and have your truck ready for work with no canopy or obstructions for the weekday.
  • Costs the same as a normal tent.


  • Not really any different than setting up a standard tent, beyond the fact that you don’t need to hammer stakes into the ground, but that’s a benefit over a standard tent, not other forms of truck camping.
  • Still susceptible to wind and rain, like a traditional tent.
  • You must take it down in order to drive away from your campsite.
Shop Truck Bed Tents


These are the four most common methods of camping when it comes to sleeping out of your truck. Each method has its pros and cons, and each method holds appeals over other methods.

Really it all comes down to how you use your truck, how you feel most comfortable camping, where you plan to camp, and how frequently you need to move once you arrive at camp.

With any of these truck camping methods, you’ll need some solid gear to make life on the road more pleasant. Be sure to check out my article on the Truck Camping Gear Essentials.

How about you? What’s your preferred method of truck camping and why? Sound off in the comments below…

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The Most Common Truck Bed Camping Mistakes

Pickup Truck Camping Guide

Turn your pickup truck into the ultimate adventure mobile. This printable truck camping guide will help you through the process.


  1. Get a truck if you don't have one! 🙂 I've traveled all over the world in my 1991 Toyota Pickup. The bigger the truck bed the better. Short beds have workarounds but they are not ideal unless you are quite small.
  2. Find a new or used canopy for your truck. Read this guide on what to look for when buying a canopy. My top recommendation is to find an elevated canopy like the Leer 122 (what I use).
  3. Decide on what sort of truck bed sleeping platform you want to build. The two most common are an elevated sleeping platform or the backshelf (and side-shelf) approaches. I did a transformer setup for the best of both worlds, here is my step-by-step guide building the transformer style setup.
  4. Purchase essential gear to start truck camping which includes a sleeping pad or mattress, sleeping bag, two-burner stove, cooler, storage boxes, etc.
  5. Go on a test truck camping run at a free boondocking campsite without amenities to test your setup. Read more about finding free camping in the USA.
  6. Consider your electronics system and how you will charge devices while on the road. You could get an outside system like the GoalZero Yeti but I recommend using a dual battery and isolator under the hood.
  7. Join the Pickup Truck Camping group on Facebook for an amazing, like-minded community where you can ask questions and get answers from experienced truck campers. Be sure to pick up your #PTC stickers, shirts, and swag!
  8. Review the detailed truck camping gear and accessories (plus a packing list) and start planning your epic truck camping adventures. Might I suggest this national park road trip, the most scenic drives in the USA, or this west coast USA road trip? Here is more info on road trip planning for you, based on 10s of thousands of miles of adventures.
  9. Sign up for more truck camping tips, tricks, and info delivered straight to your email inbox from yours truly.


I hope this helped you get started with truck camping! I know it can be confusing when you are just getting started, which is why I started writing so extensively about it.

If you have any questions about truck camping, road trips, budget travel, or anything else shoot me an email at ryan@desktodirtbag.com.

(I love getting questions! That is how I get ideas for my blog posts and what to write about!)

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Comparing Roof Top Tents, Canopies, Slide-In Campers, and Truck Bed Tents truck-camping, travel


Head Writer and Adventurer at Desk to Dirtbag
Ryan is an author, adventurer, perpetual wanderer, and self-proclaimed dirtbag (but that might not mean what you think). Originally from Seattle, he headed to Washington D.C. where he spent five years working for Congress before heeding the call of the wild. He set out truck camping to road trip across the American West, and then across all of Central America and South America. When he isn't on the move, you can find him living as an expat in Colombia. He is also the author of the best selling book: Big Travel, Small Budget that will help you travel more for less. Follow the adventures on social media or read more.

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Comments 4

  1. Are there any truck tents that can install without removing a headache rack and/or toolbox? Rightline looks like it might…but having to pay return freight and 15% restock fee didn’t really appeal to me. Any ideas? Thanks

    1. Post
  2. Hey Ryan.
    Not sure you consider this as an option but camping out of a full size van for me checks all the boxes.
    I have the cargo capacity and headroom of a truck but the advantage of accessing the back without getting out of the vehicle which adds to the stealthiness.

    1. Post

      Yeah, I don’t consider that a truck camping option — but there are definite advantages and disadvantages about VanLife. Been thinking about a separate post comparing the two.

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