What You Need to Get Started Truck Camping

What You Need to Get Started Truck Camping

Have you considered outfitting the bed of your truck to be your ultimate mobile adventure base camp? But aren’t sure where to start or what you need for your truck camper?

Truck camping is an extremely accessible and affordable way to travel and enjoy the freedom of the road. Here are a few reasons why truck camping appeals to me:

  • Freedom, you’ve got all the gear you need to be happy and have fun right in the back of the truck. 4WD allows you to get well off the beaten path. It’s the perfect way to quit your job and road trip the American West.
  • Cozy, no need for tents, hotels, or so forth. Your home is just behind the cab. Your kitchen as well.
  • Mobility, you can go wherever you want. Chase the sun, chase the cooler weather. Big cities or remote nothingness. You aren’t even limited to the US—it makes an ideal vehicle for major international road trips, like when we drove through Central America to Colombia and beyond.

So what exactly do you need to get started truck camping?

Here are my thoughts after nearly two years of truck camping which includes two major multi-month trips of the American West, solo camping, camping as a couple, and camping throughout Central and South America.

$1,500 – Truck Canopy

The canopy is likely to be your biggest expense, but this is the most crucial part.

It is, after all, your home on wheels. This is your walls and your roof.

Buying new is obviously the easiest (and most expensive) way to go, but some people get lucky and find a great canopy available locally second-hand. Keep on eye out on Craigslist in your area for a good deal on a good brand like Leer or ARE.

truck camping

Follow Me on Instagram!

I highly recommend getting a canopy with elevated headroom (I have the Leer 122), because you want to maximize your livable space. A carpeted headliner, and contractor windows are great as well.

Read my article about how to choose a truck canopy.

$100 – Interior Build

For approximately $100 you can pick up some 2x2s, 2x4s, and plywood and outfit the back of your truck extremely well for gear organization and sleeping.

My #1 recommendation is always to keep it simple, stupid! Don’t over-engineer this thing with heavy lumber and crazy sliding drawers and things. My build can be taken out or installed in less than 10 minutes, it was cheap to put together, and is lightweight (heavier = more gas burned).

My #2 recommendation would be to maximize livable space (which goes hand in hand with the elevated canopy). There are two primary approaches to building out the back: a back shelf approach and the elevated sleeping platform approach.

Truck Camping 101 Elevated Sleeping Platform versus Backshelf

Both have their merits and drawbacks, so I decided to build mine in the transformer style, allowing me to use either mode. I highly recommend this style of build for the flexibility.

I also personally recommend against carpeting the interior as it captures more dirt and dust, while the plywood base is much easier to quickly sweep out and clean.

Read my article about the backshelf vs elevated sleeping platform.

$5 – Small Brush and Dust Pan

Speaking of which, have a small brush and dust pan on hand to sweep out the back. Heading down long dirt roads and camping out in the dirt, and you’ll start dragging it inside with you.

I keep the broom just inside the tailgate in easy reach so I can do a quick sweep quite frequently. I’ve got a small metal basket there where I organize frequently used gear like my headlamp, SPOT GPS Messenger, etc.

$100 – Sleeping Pad or Mattress

Having a comfortable place to sleep cannot be neglected, otherwise you’re in for a miserable time on the road.

It’s important to balance comfort against available space. I prefer my sleeping pad to be somewhat portable, and thus went with the Teton Sports XXL Camp Pad, but there are people who put in an IKEA mattress, or 6” thick memory foam mattresses.

Try to find something that is comfy but which can still be easily moved around for cleaning, organization, etc.

Read my article about choosing a sleeping pad here.

$20 – A Real Pillow

Yes, that was something I actually neglected when I first set out. Bring along a real pillow to sleep at night. You’ll be much happier with that than a stuff sack filled with clothes. Believe me.

But be sure to avoid memory foam pillows… Little known fact, those things turn into rock hard bricks in freezing temperatures. I had to learn that lesson the hard way on a 10 degree night in Idaho in January.

When we set out to truck camp as a couple, I ended up just going with one super big King size pillow for the both of us. Worked great!

$300 – Sleeping Bag

You’ll want a decent sleeping bag if you’ll be camped in cool climates. I’ve got a 15 degree Marmot bag which I generally use opened up like a comforter. I’ve also got a cheap bed sheet that I use in hotter climates. Both are important.

$30 – Storage Bins

Rather than building those big convoluted wooden drawers which add weight and complication, just go with a system of storage bins.

I used two long bins (Sterilite 106qt) to store all of my gear for camping or climbing, and two smaller bins to organize my food.

What You Need to Get Started Truck Camping

Regularly used items were kept handy in the side bins (things like my headlamp, cooking gear, etc) and I also had a small duffel bag for my clothes.

Plastic storage bins are cheap, easy to move around, aren’t permanent, and can pull double duty as a camp table or foot rest.

$70 – Coleman 2-Burner Stove

The first lengthy road trip I took just a Jetboil… Which is fine for awhile. But if you are in this for the long haul, it’s great to have a “real” kitchen. Having a two burner propane stove which allows you to simmer, cook, and even do two things at once is a real blessing.


For the road trip to South America, we picked up the Coleman 2-Burner Stove and it served us well. It wasn’t even a problem finding propane in Central America.

Those little canisters last a long time, and you can cook pretty much anything you could want.

$40 – Kitchen Stuff

Thankfully while truck camping you can bring along regular kitchen gear, it needn’t be super lightweight titanium stuff. You’ll want the basics for kitchen stuff:

  • One medium pan for frying
  • One medium size pot for boiling water and cooking pasta, lentils, etc
  • Strainer for said pasta
  • Plastic plates, a few regular utensils
  • Cheap plastic cutting board and knife
  • Veggie peeler, spatula, etc.
  • Portable coffee maker, coffee cup.
  • Etc.

Avoid glass for obvious reasons. You can probably scavenge some of this stuff from your own kitchen. For the other stuff I’d recommend just visiting a Goodwill and picking it up cheap. Non-stick is preferable.


I also recommend storing your kitchen gear in a small soft-sided bag rather than a plastic box, due to the odd shapes and sizes of everything.

Bring along whatever you need to eat and drink well. You can bring along some “luxury” items, so long as they get regular use! For me that meant bringing along an Aeropress Coffee Maker and a handheld burr grinder to have a fresh cup of coffee wherever I am.

Here’s how I make coffee while camping.

$10 – Flat Tailgate

Speaking of having a real kitchen, it’s also really important that you have a flat space where you can cook. The easiest way to do this is to cover the tailgate with a piece of plywood left over from your build.

What You Need to Get Started Truck Camping

Just pop off the old liner, trace the screw holes and attach the plywood.

It also serves as a more comfy space to grab a quick seat.

$15 – Water Jug

Can’t forget about water storage. I’d recommend at least a 5-gallon jug made out of hard plastic. I’ve used those collapsible carriers in the past and they always ended up springing a leak.

I personally use the 7-gallon Reliance water jug from REI, which has held up great.


Never miss an opportunity to top off your water jug while on the road. Especially in the desert!

$60 – Camp Chair

A cozy camp chair is absolutely crucial for life on the road. I’ve got one of these collapsible camp chairs from REI which has served me really well over the years.


If you’re not limited to the desert, and will be traveling to places with lots of trees, I highly recommend an ENO DoubleNest Hammock as well. They are extremely comfortable and highly portable.


$50 – Power Inverter

A power inverter converts DC power to AC power (ie from your cigarette lighter adapter to a standard household plug) which is a must have for keeping charged up and on the road.

truck camping dual battery setup-6

Not only does that mean keeping your laptop, Kindle, camera, and cell phone charged while off the grid. It also allows you to connect things like a fan to keep you cool at night, interior lighting, etc.

truck camping dual battery setup-7

You’ll probably want to get at least a 400w inverter with at least two outlets (be sure they have a sufficient space in between them so you can actually connect two devices at the same time) along with a USB outlet or two.

$400 – Dual Battery and Isolator

Admittedly this isn’t absolutely necessary, I traveled the first year with one battery, and compensated by idling my truck every hour while using the inverter to ensure I wouldn’t get a dead battery.

truck camping dual battery setup-4

But beyond the simple outfitting of my truck, the dual battery was the best investment I’ve made.

truck camping dual battery setup-1

The second battery (a deep cycle marine battery) is charged as normal while the truck is running, but is isolated from the starter battery when the ignition is off, thus allowing you to run electronics without worrying about killing your battery and stranding yourself.

Read more about my dual battery setup.

A small solar panel is another great addition to take advantage of days at camp to keep your electronics topped off. I also supplement with the BioLite SolarPanel 5+ for charging my cellphone or camera while at camp.

$20 – Awning for Sun or Rain

Truck camping will put you out in the elements, undoubtedly. That’s part of the experience. But it can be tiresome when the rain won’t let up or you’re in the desert with relentless sun and no shade around.

You could pick up a fancy ARB awning, or you could just rig up a cheap tarp, some bungy cords (plastic loops), and cords with tent stakes and get the same sort of thing. That’s what I did.


$50 – Cooler

A decent cooler will come in handy for storing fresh foods and keeping them from going to waste. You’ll have to buy ice somewhat frequently in hotter climates.

If you’ve got the budget, you may consider opting for a $300 Yeti cooler, which are supposed to keep ice for up to a week and are indestructible. Or one of those amazing ARB fridges

$5 – Velcro

Buy a package of velcro so you can stick small things to the headliner. I velcro’ed the base of some magnetic lights to the headliner as well as a number of plastic clips (more on that in a moment).

It’s a simple way to affix things in a non-permanent manner. But don’t hang anything heavy from your headliner or you risk damaging it, nor anything that will be jostled around while driving.

$5 – Curtains

Buy some thick black fabric to block your windows while sleeping. This serves for privacy as well as blocking out the light for sleeping. I use the velcro to attach the plastic clips (which remain stuck to the headliner) and simply clip my curtains into place at night.

I also use those Magic Shades that are meant to cover the windshield of your car on hot days, on two of my other windows in the truck. They are surprisingly dark and work great.

Truck camping beneath the Sierras in Lone Pine, California.

Instagram Adventures: Truck camping beneath the Sierras in Lone Pine, California.

Follow Me on Instagram!

$ – Gas Money

The last and most important part is to get out there and explore the world in your truck. It’ll be one of the coolest things you’ll ever do…

The Road Always Leads West


If you’re looking to travel more and do so more affordably, be sure to check out my book Big Travel, Small Budget, a #1 best selling budget travel book on Amazon.com

Click here for more truck camping info and inspiration and don’t miss out on my favorite truck camping gear to get outfitted and get going.

What do you think? What crucial items am I missing from this list? What do you disagree with? Sound off in the comments below.

If you liked this article please don’t forget to like it, share it, tweet it, etc! 

What You Need to Get Started Truck CampingPin on Pinterest

More truck camping stuff?

Join the private Facebook group Pickup Truck Camping to ask questions and share your insights. We are now over 6,000 members!

The following two tabs change content below.


Author, Writer, and Head Honcho at Desk to Dirtbag
Ryan is an author, adventurer, perpetual wanderer, and self-proclaimed dirtbag (but that might not mean what you think). Originally from Seattle, he headed to Washington D.C. where he spent five years working for Congress before heeding the call of the wild. He set out truck camping to road trip across the American West. Since then he set out traveling to Colombia, drove across all of Central America, and also wrote a best selling book: Big Travel, Small Budget. He just finished driving his old truck across all of South America. Follow the adventures on social media or read more about me.

Comments 24

  1. Avatar

    Hey Ryan, I just moved an I’m new to truck camping. I’m looking at truck bed tents as a cheaper shelter option until I can afford a canopy. Got any to recommend? I’ve got a Ford F150 with a standard 5’5″ bed.

  2. Avatar

    What if you don’t have access, at all, to a place to cut wood for the interior? Are there any prefab options that are out there or would you suggest something different? All my friends and family rent, so a workshop is not something I have access to. Thanks! And great work!

    1. Avatar Post
  3. Avatar

    We attached a solar panel to the two bar racks that came with our leer sportsman canopy (hangs from U shaped bolts beneath the bars). Louie attached the panel to a deep cycle battery and an inverter. We Used the power to charge our electronics and run nitetime fans for cooler sleeping…
    we also purchased a tent that attaches to the back giving us privacy when needed. It is also a stand alone tent. We also travel with a small portapotty. (We love our Tundra extra cab space!)

    1. Avatar Post
  4. Avatar
    1. Avatar Post
  5. Avatar
  6. Avatar

    For locking it from the inside, on my shell I have a place I can use those window security clamps. They are just the small metal ones with the screw you tighten that people use in houses for anti-theft.

  7. Avatar

    Just one of those simple metal hooks, attached to an eyelet, I think. You just want to be sure that the lock is something that can be put on and taken off quickly.

  8. Avatar
    1. Avatar Post
  9. Avatar

    Instead of spending a fortune for the Yeti cooler, take a look at the RTIC coolers. I have one of their cups and it works just as well as my friends yeti cup. Great article. This is something I have been looking into as I just picked up an 84 toyota xtra cab pickup.

    1. Avatar Post

      That’s a great tip, Michael! I’ve heard a bit about those RTIC coolers, and they are pretty much the same thing as Yeti, just not made in the USA. I’d have a really tough time spending $300 for a cooler…

    2. Avatar

      Another one to try is the Ozark Trail cooler from Walmart. Not quite as highly rated as the Yeti, but works much better than my old Coleman Steel Belted. $184 from Walmart. Little cheaper. My biggest complaint is the weight (always something huh?). The weight by itself is rather heavy, and when loaded, it makes you wish for a camping buddy.

  10. Avatar

    Some type of recovery gear. I picked up a couple of 4 ton come-alongs, a big-ass chain, tree strap, d rings, etc. I also have a hi-lift and their recovery gear bag. Thank the FSM I’ve never had the need.

    Also, stowed a tire repair kit and a 12 volt air compressor. Ya never know…

    1. Avatar Post

      Yeah, recovery gear would probably be a good idea, depending on what sorts of situations you are getting into. All that stuff was recommended for overlanding through Central America, and I had none of it, haha. Thankfully we never had any issues! Thanks Kenny!

      1. Avatar
  11. Avatar
    1. Avatar Post

      On your Leer? That’s interesting! You can lock it from the inside using your key? I don’t recall having that option when I bought my canopy, but certainly worth looking into… How to lock it from the inside is like the #1 question I get, and I still don’t have a definitive answer, since I don’t lock mine.

      1. Avatar
        1. Avatar Post

          Ah okay, interesting. I’d like to see a picture of how that works. Mine is an actual metal latch, so you can’t close it when it is locked. Old School…

  12. Avatar
    1. Avatar Post

      Hey Sara, great question. Honestly that’s not something I’ve done, nor worried about in all my time truck camping from anywhere between Canada and Costa Rica. I’ve thought about how I would do it, if I were to do it, and I think a simple latch attached to the wood frame which could be slipped over the metal brackets would probably be the best way. Just one of those simple metal hooks, attached to an eyelet, I think. You just want to be sure that the lock is something that can be put on and taken off quickly.

      There have been some discussions and ideas about this in the Truck camping Facebook group. If you haven’t joined yet, be sure to do so.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *